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Acrylonitrile
Acrylonitrile Prices | Current and Forecast
Acrylonitrile
Acrylonitrile
Acrylonitrile
C3H3N

About Acrylonitrile. Acrylonitrile (a.k.a. 2-Propenenitrile, Prop-2-enenitrile, Vinyl Cyanide) is an organic compound, consisting of a vinyl group linked to a nitrile, with worldwide production of more than 10 billion pounds per year. It is a colorless, volatile liquid with onion-like odor. It is a very reactive compound, due to its high polar nature (arising from the presence of the nitrogen heteroatom) and unsaturation. In the absence of a hydroquinone inhibitor, it polymerizes spontaneously when exposed to light, heat or in the presence of a strong alkali.

The chemist Charles Moureu is recognized as the first man to synthesize Acrylonitrile, in 1893. However, the compound became important only after the 1930s, when it started to be employed in the manufacture of synthetic fibers and rubbers. At this time, Acrylonitrile was a low-volume specialty chemical derived from acetylene and hydrogen cyanide at high costs. This remained unchanged until the breakthrough of the selective oxidation catalyst, which led to a significant reduction in the production costs. This catalyst allowed the production of Acrylonitrile from propylene - the route that is still the most widely used today. Currently, Acrylonitrile is produced by the vapor phase ammoxidation of propylene.

Recently, a propane ammoxidation process has also been industrially employed. Both processes generate acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide as by-products. Some routes based on renewable raw materials are under development. One of them uses glycerol, obtained as by-product of biodiesel production.

Acrylonitrile Handling. Acrylonitrile is commonly transported via ISO tank container, bulk truck, rail car, drum, barge or ship. Storage tanks should be constructed at ground level and in the open air. If a leak develops, ground level construction improves the detection of any vapor emissions and allows natural ventilation to disperse these vapors. Storage tanks must be located away from potential sources of ignition, since mixtures of Acrylonitrile with air are flammable. Heat radiation from fires in an adjacent area should also be considered in choosing the tank location. In its liquid state, Acrylonitrile has a tendency to polymerize, which can be prevented by the addition of phenolic (e.g. methyl ether of hydroquinone or amine-based stabilizers and small quantities of water).

Acrylonitrile Production. Acrylonitrile production changed drastically in 1960, when vapor-phase ammoxidation of propylene was first employed commercially. Today, about 90% of Acrylonitrile production is based on this process. However, acrylonitrile may also be manufactured from propane and biomass-derived glycerol. Raw materials and the respective production processes employed in the manufacturing of Acrylonitrile are listed below.

  • Propylene + ammonia (ammoxidation),
  • Propane + ammonia (ammoxidation)

Acrylonitrile Uses.The uses and applications of Acrylonitrile may vary according to its specification. The main forms of Acrylonitrile are analytical standard (98% minimum purity); technical grade (99% minimum purity); and inhibited (99% minimum purity, 35-45 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone inhibitor).

Acrylonitrile is used in the synthesis of acrylic or is copolymerized to yield thermoplastics with interesting properties, such as resistance to light and heat, as well as strength. It is also a chemical intermediate used in the production of acrylic acid, employed as building block for a variety of polymer formulations, nylon intermediate adiponitrile, and acrylamide, which is an intermediate in the production of relevant acrylic esters, such methyl acrylate.

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Prices

Acrylonitrile Prices | Current and Forecast

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Monitor monthly Acrylonitrile price assessments covering 5 locations: United States, Europe, Southeast Asia, China and Northeast Asia. Also check Acrylonitrile price history since 2007 and forecasts.

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Data Legend. The chart above shows Acrylonitrile price assessments in USA Dollar per metric ton (USD/mt) in 5 locations, as follows:

  • Acrylonitrile, US (United States): Acrylonitrile, export transaction price, fob, United States
  • Acrylonitrile, EUR (Europe): Acrylonitrile, domestic contract price (formula), ddp, Northwest Europe
  • Acrylonitrile, SEA (Southeast Asia): Acrylonitrile, import transaction price, cfr, India (netforward from fob Taiwan)
  • Acrylonitrile, CN (China): Acrylonitrile, import transaction price, cif, China
  • Acrylonitrile, NEA (Northeast Asia): Acrylonitrile, export transaction price, fob, Taiwan

Data Use. Acrylonitrile prices are provided as an annual subscription where subscribers have access to reliable pricing data of 224 commodities worldwide. To better understand data provided by Intratec Primary Commodity Prices, check the following documents: Price Assessment Basis , Commodities Specifications , Methodology , User Guide , and Glossary .

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Acrylonitrile Price Outlook. The price of Acrylonitrile (United States) increased during April 2019 to 1,790 USD per metric ton, which represents a considerable rise of 14% compared to the previous month’s value. On a year-over-year basis, the prices of Acrylonitrile (United States) increased modestly by 1%. Meanwhile, the average price of Acrylonitrile (China) amounted to 1,520 USD per metric ton, from 1,940 USD per metric ton one year earlier. On a month-over-month basis, the price of Acrylonitrile (China) is 0.7% lower than the price one month before.

The price of Acrylonitrile (Southeast Asia) rose considerably throughout April 2019, reaching 1,700 USD per metric ton.  The price is 14% higher than the average price in the previous month and 11% lower than the average price one year before. In contrast, the prices of Acrylonitrile (Europe) increased during April 2019, reaching 1,280 USD per metric ton, which means a rise of 4% from the previous month’s price and a decline of 5% from the previous year’s price. 

About Acrylonitrile. Acrylonitrile (a.k.a. 2-Propenenitrile, Prop-2-enenitrile, Vinyl Cyanide) is an organic compound, consisting of a vinyl group linked to a nitrile, with worldwide production of more than 10 billion pounds per year. It is a colorless, volatile liquid with onion-like odor. It is a very reactive compound, due to its high polar nature (arising from the presence of the nitrogen heteroatom) and unsaturation. In the absence of a hydroquinone inhibitor, it polymerizes spontaneously when exposed to light, heat or in the presence of a strong alkali.

The chemist Charles Moureu is recognized as the first man to synthesize Acrylonitrile, in 1893. However, the compound became important only after the 1930s, when it started to be employed in the manufacture of synthetic fibers and rubbers. At this time, Acrylonitrile was a low-volume specialty chemical derived from acetylene and hydrogen cyanide at high costs. This remained unchanged until the breakthrough of the selective oxidation catalyst, which led to a significant reduction in the production costs. This catalyst allowed the production of Acrylonitrile from propylene - the route that is still the most widely used today. Currently, Acrylonitrile is produced by the vapor phase ammoxidation of propylene.

Recently, a propane ammoxidation process has also been industrially employed. Both processes generate acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide as by-products. Some routes based on renewable raw materials are under development. One of them uses glycerol, obtained as by-product of biodiesel production.

Acrylonitrile Handling. Acrylonitrile is commonly transported via ISO tank container, bulk truck, rail car, drum, barge or ship. Storage tanks should be constructed at ground level and in the open air. If a leak develops, ground level construction improves the detection of any vapor emissions and allows natural ventilation to disperse these vapors. Storage tanks must be located away from potential sources of ignition, since mixtures of Acrylonitrile with air are flammable. Heat radiation from fires in an adjacent area should also be considered in choosing the tank location. In its liquid state, Acrylonitrile has a tendency to polymerize, which can be prevented by the addition of phenolic (e.g. methyl ether of hydroquinone or amine-based stabilizers and small quantities of water).

Acrylonitrile Production. Acrylonitrile production changed drastically in 1960, when vapor-phase ammoxidation of propylene was first employed commercially. Today, about 90% of Acrylonitrile production is based on this process. However, acrylonitrile may also be manufactured from propane and biomass-derived glycerol. Raw materials and the respective production processes employed in the manufacturing of Acrylonitrile are listed below.

  • Propylene + ammonia (ammoxidation),
  • Propane + ammonia (ammoxidation)

Acrylonitrile Uses.The uses and applications of Acrylonitrile may vary according to its specification. The main forms of Acrylonitrile are analytical standard (98% minimum purity); technical grade (99% minimum purity); and inhibited (99% minimum purity, 35-45 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone inhibitor).

Acrylonitrile is used in the synthesis of acrylic or is copolymerized to yield thermoplastics with interesting properties, such as resistance to light and heat, as well as strength. It is also a chemical intermediate used in the production of acrylic acid, employed as building block for a variety of polymer formulations, nylon intermediate adiponitrile, and acrylamide, which is an intermediate in the production of relevant acrylic esters, such methyl acrylate.

Intratec Methodology. Intratec Primary Commodity Prices are produced from a data-driven, mathematical approach, which starts with the extraction of data from various primary sources, including official trade records, statistics bureaus, governmental and international agencies. Such large volume of data is validated through advanced data processing techniques, and treated by means of statistical analysis for outliers removal. When faced with input gaps, data scientists and engineers employ mathematical models or machine learning techniques to estimate prices and ensure the completeness of the price assessments presented. (learn more ).

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