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Formalin
Formalin Prices | Historical and Current
Formalin
Formalin
Formalin
CH2O

About Formalin. Formaldehyde (a.k.a. Methanal) is an organic compound naturally occurring, at ambient temperature, as a colorless gas with a strong pungent odor and is highly flammable. Formaldehyde is the simplest aldehyde in existence and its name comes from its relation and similarities to formic acid. It was first discovered in 1859, however, it began being industrially viable to produce at the beginning of the twentieth century. Due to its relatively low cost, a great variety of uses in chemical reactions, as well as elevated purity, Formaldehyde has become one of the world’s most important research and industrial chemicals.

Formaldehyde present in the environment can derive from natural sources, such as fires and other natural sources of combustion, or anthropogenic sources such as power plants, factories, incinerators and emissions of vehicles not equipped with catalytic converters. It is also one of the volatile compounds formed in the early stages of decomposition of plant residues in soil and occurs naturally in fruits and other foods.

Formalin Handling. Formaldehyde is very flammable (flash point as 63°C) and can be corrosive to some materials. It has also been described by the US National Toxicology Program as a known human carcinogen. Formalin should be transported in hermetically closed containers, preferably consisting of stainless or lined carbon steel. It can also be transported in vessels made of aluminum, enamel, or polyester resin, but iron, copper, nickel, and zinc alloys must not be used for this end. With decreases in temperature or increases in concentration, aqueous Formaldehyde solutions tend to precipitate paraformaldehyde. On the other hand, higher temperatures lead to formic acid formation. To counter these effects, the addition of stabilizers, such as methanol, ethanol, urea, and melamine, can be made to these solutions.

Formalin Production. The commercial production of Formaldehyde consists mostly of two main processes that use methanol as feedstock. These processes are oxidation-dehydrogenation with a silver catalyst, and complete oxidation with a metal oxide catalyst. To a lesser extent, Formaldehyde can also be produced from the oxidation of methane or the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide. Raw materials and the respective production processes employed in the manufacturing of Formalin are listed below.

  • Methanol (oxidation reaction, using a silver catalyst),
  • Methanol (oxidation reaction, using a metal oxide catalyst)

Formalin Uses.The uses and applications of Formalin may vary according to its specification. The main forms of Formalin are anhydrous (99.85%); aqueous solution (37-50 wt% Formalin); uninhibited (methanol free); and inhibited (high methanol 6-15 wt% and low methanol 1-2 wt%).

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Data Type: chem-pricing
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Formalin Prices | Historical and Current

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Monitor monthly Formalin price assessments covering 3 locations: United States, Europe and China. Also check Formalin price history since 2007.

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Data Legend. The chart above shows Formalin price assessments in USA Dollar per metric ton (USD/mt) in 3 locations, as follows:

  • Formalin, US (United States): Formalin, import transaction price, cif, United States
  • Formalin, EUR (Europe): Formalin, export transaction price, fob, Netherlands
  • Formalin, CN (China): Formalin, export transaction price, fob, China

Data Use. Formalin prices are provided as an annual subscription where subscribers have access to reliable pricing data of 224 commodities worldwide. To better understand data provided by Intratec Primary Commodity Prices, check the following documents: Price Assessment Basis , Commodities Specifications , Methodology , User Guide , and Glossary .

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Formalin Price Outlook. The price of Formalin (United States) increased during April 2019 to 478 USD per metric ton, which represents a considerable rise of 15% compared to the previous month’s value. On a year-over-year basis, the prices of Formalin (United States) increased significantly by 7%. Meanwhile, the average price of Formalin (China) amounted to 300 USD per metric ton, from 343 USD per metric ton one year earlier. On a month-over-month basis, the price of Formalin (China) is 2% higher than the price one month before.

The price of Formalin (Europe) declined throughout April 2019, reaching 290 USD per metric ton.  The price is 5% lower than the average price in the previous month and 15% higher than the average price one year before.

About Formalin. Formaldehyde (a.k.a. Methanal) is an organic compound naturally occurring, at ambient temperature, as a colorless gas with a strong pungent odor and is highly flammable. Formaldehyde is the simplest aldehyde in existence and its name comes from its relation and similarities to formic acid. It was first discovered in 1859, however, it began being industrially viable to produce at the beginning of the twentieth century. Due to its relatively low cost, a great variety of uses in chemical reactions, as well as elevated purity, Formaldehyde has become one of the world’s most important research and industrial chemicals.

Formaldehyde present in the environment can derive from natural sources, such as fires and other natural sources of combustion, or anthropogenic sources such as power plants, factories, incinerators and emissions of vehicles not equipped with catalytic converters. It is also one of the volatile compounds formed in the early stages of decomposition of plant residues in soil and occurs naturally in fruits and other foods.

Formalin Handling. Formaldehyde is very flammable (flash point as 63°C) and can be corrosive to some materials. It has also been described by the US National Toxicology Program as a known human carcinogen. Formalin should be transported in hermetically closed containers, preferably consisting of stainless or lined carbon steel. It can also be transported in vessels made of aluminum, enamel, or polyester resin, but iron, copper, nickel, and zinc alloys must not be used for this end. With decreases in temperature or increases in concentration, aqueous Formaldehyde solutions tend to precipitate paraformaldehyde. On the other hand, higher temperatures lead to formic acid formation. To counter these effects, the addition of stabilizers, such as methanol, ethanol, urea, and melamine, can be made to these solutions.

Formalin Production. The commercial production of Formaldehyde consists mostly of two main processes that use methanol as feedstock. These processes are oxidation-dehydrogenation with a silver catalyst, and complete oxidation with a metal oxide catalyst. To a lesser extent, Formaldehyde can also be produced from the oxidation of methane or the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide. Raw materials and the respective production processes employed in the manufacturing of Formalin are listed below.

  • Methanol (oxidation reaction, using a silver catalyst),
  • Methanol (oxidation reaction, using a metal oxide catalyst)

Formalin Uses.The uses and applications of Formalin may vary according to its specification. The main forms of Formalin are anhydrous (99.85%); aqueous solution (37-50 wt% Formalin); uninhibited (methanol free); and inhibited (high methanol 6-15 wt% and low methanol 1-2 wt%).

Intratec Methodology. Intratec Primary Commodity Prices are produced from a data-driven, mathematical approach, which starts with the extraction of data from various primary sources, including official trade records, futures market, statistics bureaus, governmental and international agencies. Such large volume of data is validated through advanced data processing techniques, and treated by means of statistical analysis for outliers removal. When faced with input gaps, data scientists and engineers employ mathematical models or machine learning techniques to estimate prices and ensure the completeness of the price assessments presented. (learn more ).

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