Hydrochloric Acid (a.k.a. HCl, Hydrogen Chloride, Muriatic Acid) is a hydrogen halide and one of the most important basic industrial chemicals. It is a colorless gas, which forms white fumes upon contact with atmospheric water. Due to the high electronegativity of the chlorine atom, this molecule has a large dipole moment, and is very soluble in water and other polar solvents. Its solutions with water receive the name "Hydrochloric Acid", a strong acid with corrosive properties. Production of Hydrogen Chloride follows the chlor-alkali electrolytic process, where brine is electrolyzed producing chlorine gas and hydrogen gas. These gases are then combined in the presence of UV light, resulting in HCl.
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