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Production Cost Report
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Production Cost Reports Subscription Archive

Purchase Reports Released in Previous Years

Each year, Intratec launches a production cost reports subscription, covering 36 featured reports. With our report’s subscriptions, companies build a repository of independent, reliable and easy-to-compare process economic analyses. Here you can check the 36 reports released in subscriptions from previous years and purchase the subscription archive of your interest.

2020 Released Reports   |   Production Cost Reports Subscription Archive   |   $18,900 USD   |   Add To Cart

1
ABS from Polybutadiene, Acrylonitrile and Styrene (Mass Process) Learn more

This report assesses the economics of an industrial plant in the United States for the production of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) via a mass polymerization process. Initially, butadiene rubber is ground in a mill and dissolved in acrylonitrile and styrene. The mixture is submitted to a two-step copolymerization in the presence of a solvent.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2
Acrylic Acid Production from Natural Gas Learn more

This report presents the economics of Ester-Grade Acrylic Acid (EAA) production from natural gas in the United States. Initially, methane in the natural gas feed is cracked to acetylene which is reacted carbon monoxide generated by feed combustion, yielding Acrylic Acid.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

3
Acrylic Acid Production from Propylene Learn more

This report presents the economics of Ester-Grade Acrylic Acid (EAA) production from chemical grade (CG) propylene in a plant located in the United States. The process consists in a two stage vapor-phase oxidation of propylene, yieding Acrylic Acid, which is then purified to obtain the Ester-Grade product.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

4
Allyl Chloride Production Learn more

This report presents a techno-economic analysis of a typical chlorination process for Allyl Chloride production from chlorine and propylene considering a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

5
Ammonia Production from Coal Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Ammonia production from coal in China. In this process, coal undergoes pyrolysis, producing coke. It is then subjected to a gasification process. Coke reacts with steam and oxygen yielding mainly carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen and carbon dioxide (CO2). CO and water are shifted to CO2 and hydrogen. Finally, nitrogen and hydrogen react to produce ammonia.

Details: 800 kta China-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

6
Benzene from Toluene (Hydrodealkylation with Xylenes Production) Learn more

This study presents the economic analysis for the construction of an industrial plant for Benzene production from toluene in the United States. This study reviews a toluene hydrodealkylation (THDA) technology similar to Houdry's Detol. In this process, toluene is converted over a fixed-bed catalyst into Benzene. Mixed Xylenes are generated as by-product.

Details: 250 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

7
Benzene Production from Heavy Aromatics Learn more

This report shows the costs associated with Benzene production from toluene and heavy aromatics in the United States using a typical transalkylation process. Toluene also undergoes disproportionation and hydrodealkylation to form Benzene.

Details: 250 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

8
Bio-Acrylic Acid Production from Raw Sugar (Single-Step Process) Learn more

This report shows a feasibility study of bio-based Acrylic Acid production from glucose syrup in a plant assumed to be located in Germany. The process is based on the fermentation route of raw sugar, yielding Acrylic Acid, similar to the speculative process proposed by the Delft University of Technology.

Details: 150 kta Germany-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

9
Bio-Butanol Production from Corn Learn more

This report presents the economics of bio-based Butanol production from corn in the United States. The process under analysis is a conventional Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol (ABE) fermentation process. Initially, corn undergoes wet milling to separate starch, which is hydrolyzed in two steps. Glucose is fermented to produce butanol, acetone and ethanol.

Details: 90 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

10
Butanol Production from Ethanol Learn more

The report shows an economic analysis of the construction of an industrial plant in the United States for n-Butanol production. In the process reviewed ethanol is dimerized into n-Butanol via the Guerbet reaction. This reaction is composed by dehydrogenation, aldol condensation and hydrogenation.

Details: 80 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

11
C4 to C16+ Linear Alpha Olefins Production Learn more

This study presents a techno-economic analysis of LAO production from ethylene in the United States. In this report, a process similar to INEOS process is analyzed, producing linear alpha-olefins ranging from C4 to C16+, mainly C6 to C10. Ethylene oligomerization is carried out in a reaction with triethylaluminum produced on site, increasing the chain of the alkyls bonded aluminum.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

12
Calcium Carbide from Limestone (Electrothermic Process) Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Calcium Carbide production process from limestone and coke in the United States, using a typical electric arc furnace process. In the process, limestone is calcinated to lime, which reacts with coke in an electric arc furnace, producing calcium carbide.

Details: 80 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

13
Carbon Fiber Production from PAN fiber Learn more

This report provides a techno-economic analysis of a typical Carbon Fiber production process starting from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber in the United States. In this process, PAN fiber is first stabilized. The stabilized PAN passes then through carbonization, surface treatment and sizing, before being winded.

Details: 2.50 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

14
Citric Acid Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Citric Acid production from corn via a fermentation process. Initially, corn starch is hydrolyzed to fermentable sugars, which are bioconverted to Citric Acid via fermentation. The economic analysis is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 40 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

15
Cumene from Benzene and RG Propylene (Zeolite Catalyst) Learn more

This feasibility study reviews Cumene production from benzene and refinery grade (RG) propylene via an alkylation process, which is carried out using a zeolite catalyst. The economic assessment assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

16
Epichlorohydrin Production from Glycerol and Hydrogen Chloride Learn more

This study provides an economic analysis of Epichlorohydrin production from glycerol in the United States. Initially, glycerol is reacted with hydrogen chloride in a hydrochlorination reaction, generating dichlorohydrins (DCH). Then, the DCH is hydrolyzed by caustic soda, yielding epichlorohydrin (ECH).

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

17
Ethyl Acetate Production from Acetaldehyde Learn more

This report examines the economics of Ethyl Acetate production from acetaldehyde in the United States via Tishchenko reaction, which refers to the dimerization of acetaldehyde in the presence of an alkoxide catalyst to form the ester.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

18
Ethyl Acetate Production from Ethanol Learn more

This report presents a techno-economic analysis of Ethyl Acetate production from ethanol via process similar to the Johnson Matthey's Davy’s ethyl acetate technology. In this process, ethanol is dehydrogenated to acetaldehyde, which further reacts with ethanol to form Ethyl Acetate. The economic analysis provided assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

19
Ethyl Acetate Production from Ethanol and Acetic Acid Learn more

This study approaches the economics of Ethyl Acetate production from ethanol and acetic acid in the United States. In this process, Ethyl Acetate is produced by continuous esterification of acetic acid and ethanol.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

20
Ethylene Dichloride from Ethylene and Chlorine (HTC with Stripping) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) production from ethylene and chlorine by direct chlorination in the United States. The process examined in this report is based on a liquid-phase high temperature chlorination (HTC) process, similar to the one developed by Vinnolit.

Details: 500 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

21
Ethylene Production from Naphtha (Low Severity Steam Cracking) Learn more

This report presents the economics of a naphtha-based steam cracker, equipped with an electricity cogeneration unit. In this process, naphtha is thermally cracked at low severity conditions, maximizing propylene to Ethylene ratio. The analysis is based on a plant located in Germany.

Details: 800 kta Germany-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

22
Glacial Acrylic Acid from Crude Acrylic Acid (Crystallization) Learn more

This report presents the costs associated with the construction of an industrial plant, in the United States, for crude acrylic acid purification to produce Glacial Acrylic Acid. The purification process examined is based on crude acrylic acid crystallization.

Details: 140 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

23
Hydrogen Production from Natural Gas (Steam Reforming) Learn more

This report provides an economic analysis of Hydrogen production from natural gas in the United States using a steam reforming process. Initially, methane present in natural gas is cracked with steam generating syngas. Then, the carbon monoxide from syngas is reacted with steam, producing carbon dioxide and additional hydrogen.

Details: 1000 MM Nm3a United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

24
Lactic Acid from Raw Sugar (Fermentation pH 6 with Acidification) Learn more

This study provides the economics of Lactic Acid production from raw sugar using a fermentation process in Germany. This process is similar to Corbion process, in which Lactic Acid is recovered by acidification and purified by the use of a solvent.

Details: 100 kta Germany-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

25
Methyl Methacrylate Production from Acetone, NH3 and Natural Gas Learn more

This report presents the economics of a process similar to Evonik Aveneer for Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) production from acetone and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in the United States. Initially, HCN is produced from ammonia (NH3) and natural gas in an on-site unit. Then, acetone and methanol are used as raw materials for the production of MMA in six main steps, which are described in the report.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

26
MTBE Production from Isobutylene Learn more

This report presents a techno-economic analysis of MTBE production from methanol and isobutylene in the Unites States. In this process, similar to UOP Ethermax process, a isobutylene-rich stream obtained from an isobutane dehydrogenation plant is etherified with methanol, producing MTBE.

Details: 700 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

27
Nylon 6 Production from Caprolactam (Continuous Process) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Nylon 6 production from caprolactam in the United States. The process examined is a typical continuous ring-opening polymerization of caprolactam via the hydrolytic mechanism, carried out in two stages, similar to technologies developed/licensed by Thyssenkrupp (Uhde Inventa-Fischer) and Air Liquide (Lurgi Zimmer). An aminoacid is the intermediate for condensation.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

28
PG Ethylene Production from Ethylene-Rich Gas Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Polymer Grade (PG) Ethylene production via purification of an ethylene-rich stream obtained from a typical ethane steam cracking plant. The economic analysis performed is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

29
PG Propylene Production from RG Propylene Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from refinery grade (RG) propylene, via a typical purification process. Propane stream is generated as by-product. The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

30
Polyvinyl Chloride Production from VCM (Emulsion Polymerization) Learn more

It presents the economics of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) production from vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) in the United States. The process examined is a typical emulsion polymerization process in aqueous medium with emulsifiers.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

31
Propylene Oxide Production from Propylene and Hydrogen Peroxide Learn more

This report presents the economics of Propylene Oxide (PO) production from polymer grade (PG) propylene and hydrogen peroxide in the United States, similar to the hydrogen peroxide to propylene oxide (HPPO) process jointly developed by Evonik and Uhde.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

32
Propylene Production from Vacuum Gas Oil (Catalytic Cracking) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from vacuum gas oil (VGO) in China. The portrayed process is similar to Sinopec Deep Catalytic Cracking (DCC) technology, in which VGO is converted to Propylene, generating propane, C4 fraction, C5+ naphtha and fuel oil as by-products.

Details: 400 kta China-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

33
Reformate from Naphtha (Semi-Regeneration & Extra Sulfur Removal) Learn more

This feasibility study presents the economics of Reformate production from naphtha in the United States. This report examines a catalytic reforming process similar to Chevron Phillips Aromax technology. Hydrogen, crude C5s and heavy paraffins are generated as by-product.

Details: 700 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

34
Reformate Production from LPG Learn more

This report presents the economics of Reformate production from liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in the United States, using a process similar to UOP Cyclar technology. In this process, reformate is passed through dehydrocyclodimerization, forming naphthenes. They are then dehydrogenated to the corresponding aromatics, forming reformate. Hydrogen is also generated as by-product

Details: 600 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

35
Sodium Cyanide Solution Production Learn more

This study approaches the economics of Sodium Cyanide production from hydrogen cyanide and caustic soda. In this process, Sodium Cyanide is produced by reacting anhydrous hydrogen cyanide with a sodium hydroxide solution. The final product obtained is a Sodium Cyanide solution. The economic analysis provided assumes a complex located in the United States.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

36
Titanium Dioxide Production from Ilmenite Learn more

This report presents a feasibility study of Titanium Dioxide production from ilmenite in United States. In this process, ilmenite is digested with sulfuric acid forming titanyl sulfate, which is hydrolyzed to hydrated titanium dioxide. Then, it is calcinated to titanium dioxide.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2019 Released Reports   |   Production Cost Reports Subscription Archive   |   $18,900 USD   |   Add To Cart

1
2-Propylheptanol Production from Butenes and Syngas Learn more

This report presents the economics of 2-Propylheptanol (2-PH) production from butenes and syngas located in the United States. Initially, butenes react with syngas in a hydroformylation reaction, yielding n-valeraldehyde. This step uses a conventional OXO-alcohol technology. Then, the valeraldehyde is submitted to an aldolization, forming 2-Propyl-2-heptenal and water. Finally, the 2-Propyl-2-heptenal is hydrogenated, yielding 2-PH.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2
ABS from Butadiene, Acrylonitrile and Styrene (Emulsion Process) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) polymer production in the United States using an emulsion process. In this process, butadiene is first polymerized in the presence of water, forming a latex. The polybutadiene latex is submitted to a grafting reaction with styrene and acrylonitrile monomers. The graft latex is mixed with a SAN Latex produced separately.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

3
Benzene Production from Pygas (Extractive Distillation Process) Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Benzene production from pyrolysis gasoline (pygas) in the United States using a typical extractive distillation process. Initially, pygas is fractionated into 3 hydrocarbon cuts. The C6s fraction is then fed to an extractive distillation system to recover benzene with N-formylmorpholine.

Details: 250 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

4
Bimodal HDPE from Ethylene and 1-Butene (Similar to BORSTAR) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Bimodal High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) production from polymer grade (PG) ethylene and 1-butene in the United States. The process examined in this report uses a slurry loop process similar to Borealis BORSTAR. The reaction system consists of a slurry loop and a gas phase reactor.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

5
Bimodal HDPE from Ethylene and 1-Butene (Similar to Hostalen) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Bimodal High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) production from polymer grade (PG) ethylene and 1-butene in the United States, using a slurry process similar to LyondellBasell Hostalen and Mitsui CX. The polymerization is carried out in three CSTRs using hexane as diluent and a high-activity Ziegler catalyst system.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

6
Bio-Methionine Production from Raw Sugar Learn more

This report presents the economics of L-Methionine production from raw sugar (sucrose) in Germany using a process similar to the technology developed by Metabolic Explorer. In this process, sucrose is diluted and sucrose is hydrolyzed into glucose and fructose (invert sugars). The invert sugars are then fermented in an aerobic environment to produce L-Methionine.

Details: 80 kta Germany-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

7
Butanediol Production from Acetylene Learn more

This report presents the economics of an 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production process from acetylene and formaldehyde in the United States. In this process, acetylene initially reacts with formaldehyde by addition, forming 1,4-butynediol. The butynediol is then hydrogenated to produce BDO. It is a typical acetylene-based Reppe process.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

8
C4 to C30+ Linear Alpha Olefins Production Learn more

This report provides the economics of Linear Alpha Olefins (LAO) production from ethylene in the United States. The process examined in this report produces LAOs ranging from C4 to C30+ using a process similar to Chevron Phillips process. Ethylene is initially submitted to oligomerization, and this reaction effluent is subjected to a transalkylation reaction.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

9
Caprolactam Production from Phenol Learn more

This feasibility study examines the economics of a process producing Caprolactam from phenol located in the United States. Initially, phenol is hydrogenated to form cyclohexanone. The cyclohexanone is then submitted to an oximation reaction with hydroxylamine. Finally, the cyclohexanone oxime produced is converted to caprolactam by Beckmann rearrangement.

Details: 180 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

10
Chlorine Production from Sodium Chloride (Diaphragm Process) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Chlorine production from sodium chloride via a diaphragm plant located in the United States. In the process under analysis, an aqueous solution of sodium chloride (brine) is decomposed electrolytically in a diaphragm cell, producing Chlorine, sodium hydroxide and hydrogen.

Details: 550 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

11
Epichlorohydrin from Propylene (Allyl Chloride Intermediate) Learn more

This feasibility study provides an economic analysis of Epichlorohydrin (ECH) production from propylene and chlorine in the United States. Initially, propylene is chlorinated, generating allyl chloride, which is reacted with hypochlorous acid, formed by chlorine dispersion in water. Finally, the glycerol dichlorohydrins generated are hydrolyzed with calcium hydroxide, yielding ECH.

Details: 80 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

12
Ethylene Dichloride Production from Ethylene and HCl Learn more

This feasibility study approaches the economics of Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) production from ethylene and hydrogen chloride in the United States using an oxychlorination process carried out in fluidized-bed reactors. In the oxychlorination, hydrogen chloride (HCl) is reacted with ethylene and oxygen, yielding EDC and water.

Details: 500 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

13
Ethylene Oxide Production from Ethylene (Pure Oxygen as Oxidizer) Learn more

This report approaches the economics of Ethylene Oxide production from ethylene in the United States using a typical direct oxidation process. In the process examined, pure oxygen is used as the oxidizing agent. The reaction is carried out in the gaseous phase.

Details: 550 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

14
Ethylene Vinyl Acetate from Ethylene & VAM (Tubular Process) Learn more

This study presents a techno-economic analysis of a typical Ethylene Vinyl Acetate production process from ethylene and vinyl acetate (VAM) using a high-pressure tubular polymerization process. The plant is assumed to be located in the United States.

Details: 220 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

15
General Purpose Polystyrene Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of General Purpose Polystyrene (GPPS) production from styrene in the United States, via a typical continuous bulk polymerization process, split into a pre-polymerization and a polymerization step. Both steps are conducted in continuous stirred-tank reactors.

Details: 180 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

16
Hexamethylene Diisocyanate from HMDA (Non-Phosgene Process) Learn more

This report presents a techno-economic analysis of Hexamethylene Diisocyanate (HDI) production from hexamethylene diamine (HMDA) in the United States. The process presented in this report is a non-phosgene process similar to BASF process. Initially, HMDA reacts with urea and butanol generating a carbamate intermediate. Then, the carbamate is thermally cracked producing HDI.

Details: 20 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

17
Hydrogen Production from Natural Gas (Partial Oxidation Process) Learn more

This study provides a techno-economic study of Hydrogen production from natural gas in the United States. In this analysis, natural gas is submitted to a thermal partial oxidation process, producing syngas, which is passed through a shift converter to enrich the Hydrogen output.

Details: 25 MM Nm3a United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

18
IPDI Production from Isophorone and Chlorine Learn more

This report presents the economics of Isophorone Diisocyanate (IPDI) from isophorone and chlorine in the United States. In the process examined, isophorone is reacted with hydrogen cyanide, generating IPN. IPN obtained is then reacted with ammonia to form IPNI, which is hydrogenated with more ammonia to yield IPDA. Finally, IPDA reacts with phosgene to produce IPDI. The phosgene used is generated from chlorine and carbon monoxide.

Details: 15 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

19
Methyl Methacrylate Production from Isobutylene Learn more

This report presents the economics of an oxidation process similar to Sumitomo/ Nippon Shokubai process for Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) production from isobutylene in the United States. Initially, isobutylene is oxidized to methacrolein, which is further oxidized to methacrylic acid (MAA). Then, MAA is esterified with methanol to produce MMA.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

20
Mixed Methylchlorosilanes Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Mixed Methylchlorosilanes (mostly dimethyldichlorosilanes) production, starting from silicon and methyl chloride. The economic analysis approaches a plant located in the United States. In this process, methyl chloride and silicon powder are reacted in a fluidized bed reactor with copper catalyst, yielding the methylchlorosilanes.

Details: 180 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

21
Neopentyl Glycol Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Neopentyl Glycol production from isobutyraldehyde, formaldehyde and hydrogen, assuming a conventional industrial process, located in the United States. In this process, formaldehyde and isobutyraldehyde are reacted via aldol condensation to form hydroxypivaldehyde, which is then converted to Neopentyl Glycol via catalytic hydrogenation.

Details: 60 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

22
Nitrile Rubber Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Nitrile Rubber (NBR) production from acrylonitrile and butadiene using a typical cold emulsion polymerization process. In this process, an emulsion comprising water, acrylonitrile and butadiene is polymerized into a latex, which is then coagulated to form the NBR. The economic analysis is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 50 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

23
Paraxylene from Mixed Xylenes (O-Xylene Recovery) Learn more

It presents the economics of a typical process for p-Xylene production from mixed xylenes in the United States. In this process, o-xylene is also generated as by-product.

Details: 600 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

24
Polybutadiene Production from n-Butane Learn more

This report presents an economic analysis of an integrated unit for producing Polybutadiene starting from n-butane located in the United States. Initially, n-butane is dehydrogenated to butadiene, using a process similar to Lummus Catadiene. Then, the butadiene is polymerized to polybutadiene via a typical solution process.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

25
Polycarbonate Production from BPA and DPC Learn more

This study presents the economics of Polycarbonate (PC) production from bisphenol A (BPA) and diphenyl carbonate (DPC) in the United States, via a typical melt process. In this process, DPC is transesterified with BPA to form PC and phenol as by-product. The reaction is conducted in oligomerization and polymerization.

Details: 200 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

26
Polyvinyl Chloride Production from VCM (Bulk Polymerization) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) production from vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) in the United States. The process examined is a typical bulk polymerization process, carried out in two stages.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

27
Propylene Glycol from Propylene Oxide Learn more

This report analyses the economics of Propylene Glycol production from propylene oxide in the United States, via a typical hydration process. In this analysis, propylene oxide is hydrolyzed to propylene glycol. Dipropylene glycol is produced as by-product.

Details: 200 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

28
Propylene Oxide Production from Propylene and Ethylbenzene Learn more

This study presents the economics of Propylene Oxide (PO) production from chemical grade (CG) propylene and ethylbenzene in the United States. In the process under analysis, ethylbenzene is oxidized to ethylbenzene hydroperoxide, which then reacts with propylene to yield PO. Styrene is generated as by-product in the process.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

29
Reformate from Naphtha (Continuous Catalyst Regeneration) Learn more

This feasibility study is about Reformate production from naphtha in the United States. The process evaluated is a continuous catalyst regeneration (CCR) process similar to the UOP CCR Platforming technology. In this process, naphtha is reformed through a series of reactions, in which paraffins are converted to aromatics.

Details: 800 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

30
Sodium Hydroxide Production from Lime and Sodium Carbonate Learn more

This report presents the economics of Sodium Hydroxide production from lime and sodium carbonate in the United States, via a conventional lime-soda process. In this process, calcium hydroxide is generated by treating lime with water. Then, calcium hydroxide reacts with soda ash. Besides Sodium Hydroxide, Precipitated Calcium Carbonate is also obtained as product.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

31
Sodium Polyacrylate Production Learn more

It presents the economics of Sodium Polyacrylate production from glacial acrylic acid and sodium hydroxide in the United States. In this process, acrylic acid is partially neutralized by sodium hydroxide, yielding a solution of sodium acrylate monomers, which is subsequently polymerized to Sodium Polyacrylate via copolymerization of acrylic acid and its salts.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

32
Solution Styrene Butadiene Rubber Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of SBR production starting from butadiene and styrene in the United States. It approaches a continuous process for producing a solution SBR grade. In this process, the anionic copolymerization of styrene and butadiene is carried out in the presence of cyclohexane solvent.

Details: 120 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

33
Styrene/Acrylonitrile Resin Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Styrene/Acrylonitrile (SAN) Resin production from styrene and acrylonitrile in the United States, via a typical bulk copolymerization process.

Details: 80 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

34
Sulfuric Acid Production from H2S Gases Learn more

This report presents the economics of recovering hydrogen sulfide gases to generate sulfuric acid in the United States. In this process hydrogen sulfide is initially burned, forming sulfur dioxide and water. The sulfur dioxide is then converted to sulfur trioxide, The sulfur trioxide reacts with the water previously generated and yields sulfuric acid.

Details: 180 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

35
Syngas Production from Natural Gas (Autothermal Reforming) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Syngas (Synthesis Gas) production from natural gas using a typical autothermal reforming process, which combines steam reforming and partial oxidation. In this process, methane present in natural gas is converted to syngas by steam and oxygen. The economic analysis is based on the construction of a plant located in the United States.

Details: 1000 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

36
Toluene Diisocyanate from Toluene (Gas-Phase Phosgenation) Learn more

This report presents the economics of TDI production from toluene and chlorine via a process similar to the Bayer Gas-Phase Phosgenation (GPP) technology in the United States. Initially, toluene is dinitrated to dinitrotoluene (DNT). Then, DNT is hydrogenated to toluenediamine (TDA). Finally, TDA reacts with phosgene in gas phase to produce TDI. The phosgene used is generated from chlorine in an on-site unit.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2019   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

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1
2-Ethylhexanol Production from Propylene and Syngas Learn more

This report presents the economics of 2-Ethylhexanol (2-EH) production from propylene and syngas located in the United States. Initially, propylene reacts with syngas in a hydroformylation reaction, yielding n-butyraldehyde. This step uses a conventional OXO-alcohol technology. Then, the n-butyraldehyde is submitted to an aldolization, and is subsequently dehydrated to 2-ethylpropylacrolein (EPA). Finally, the EPA is hydrogenated, yielding 2-EH.

Details: 160 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2
Acetaldehyde Production from Acetylene (Vapor-Phase Hydration) Learn more

This report approaches the economics of an acetylene hydration process in the United States. In this study, hydration is carried out in vapor phase with steam over a solid catalyst.

Details: 70 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

3
C4 to C18+ Linear Alpha Olefins Production Learn more

This feasibility study presents an economic analysis of Linear Alpha Olefins (LAO) production from ethylene in the United States. The process presented is similar to Shell Higher Olefins Process (SHOP) in which LAOs ranging from C4 to C18 are obtained. This process comprises three steps: oligomerization, isomerization and disproportionation.

Details: 425 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

4
Chlorine from Hydrogen Chloride Solution (Electrolysis) Learn more

This analysis presents the costs associated with Chlorine production in the United States. The process reviewed in this study is similar to the ThyssenKrupp Uhde hydrogen chloride electrolysis process. In this process, HCl aqueous solution is decomposed electrolytically in a diaphragm cell, producing Chlorine and hydrogen.

Details: 85 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

5
Cyclohexane from Benzene and Hydrogen (Liquid-Phase Process) Learn more

This feasibility study shows the economics of Cyclohexane production from benzene using a liquid phase hydrogenation process in the presence of a nickel-based catalyst. The economic analysis presented is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 200 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

6
DL-Methionine Production from Acrolein, Methyl Mercaptan and HCN Learn more

This report presents the economics of DL-Methionine production from acrolein, methyl mercaptan, and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in the United States. In this process, refined acrolein and methyl mercaptan are reacted to form MMP (also called methional), which is further reacted with HCN to generate DL-Methionine via a typical carbonate process.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

7
Ethanol Production from Corn Dry Milling Learn more

This study presents the economics of hydrous Ethanol production from corn in the United States using a typical dry milling process. Initially, corn is ground, slurried with water and then submitted to enzymatic hydrolysis, which convert starch to glucose. Next, the glucose is fermented to Ethanol by yeasts, yielding Hydrous Ethanol.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

8
Ethylene Glycol from Ethylene (Direct EO Hydrolysis) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) production from ethylene. The process described is similar to Shell MASTER. First, ethylene is oxidized with oxygen to produce ethylene oxide (EO), which is further hydrolyzed to MEG. The economic analysis provided assumes a plant located in the United States. Diethylene glycol (DEG) and triethylene glycol (TEG) are also generated as by-products.

Details: 690 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

9
Ethylene Production from Ethane/Propane Mixture Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Ethylene production from ethane and propane in the United States. In the process under analysis, the mixture is submitted to a steam cracking process, yielding PG Ethylene. A hydrogen-rich gas and polymer grade propylene are generated as by-products,

Details: 1700 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

10
Ethylene Production from n-Butane Learn more

This study presents an economic analysis of n-butane steam cracking for Polymer Grade Ethylene production in the United States. In this process, n-butane is thermally cracked in pyrolysis furnaces through the use of steam to obtain ethylene and other hydrocarbons. Polymer grade propylene, butadiene. Raffinate-1 and pygas are also generated as by-products.

Details: 900 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

11
Ethylene Production from Naphtha (High Severity Steam Cracking) Learn more

This report provides the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Ethylene production from light naphtha feedstock in Germany using a steam cracking process. In this process, naphtha is thermally cracked in pyrolysis furnaces at high severity conditions to maximize Ethylene yield. Polymer grade propylene, pygas and a mixed C4s stream are also generated as by-products.

Details: 1000 kta Germany-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

12
Ethylene Vinyl Acetate from Ethylene & VAM (Autoclave Process) Learn more

This report provides the economics of a typical Ethylene Vinyl Acetate production process from ethylene and vinyl acetate (VAM) in the United States. The process examined in this report employs a high-pressure autoclave polymerization.

Details: 180 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

13
FDCA Production from Raw Sugar Learn more

This report presents the costs associated with the construction of a plant producing FDCA from raw sugar (sucrose) in Germany. Initially, sucrose is hydrolyzed into glucose and fructose and the glucose obtained is enzymatically isomerized into fructose. It is then dehydrated in ionic liquid medium, yielding hydroxymethylfurfural, which is finally oxidized to FDCA. The process examined is based in a non-commercial route.

Details: 90 kta Germany-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

14
Hydrogen Cyanide from Ammonia and Natural Gas (With Air) Learn more

This study provides the economics of Hydrogen Cyanide production in the United States using a direct synthesis method similar to Andrussow process, which involves the reaction of ammonia, methane (natural gas), and air to produce HCN.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

15
Isopropyl Alcohol Production from RG Propylene Learn more

This report presents the economics of Isopropyl Alcohol production from refinery grade (RG) propylene, via a typical indirect propylene hydration process. In this process, RG propylene reacts with sulfuric acid to form isopropyl alcohol sulfates. Those sulfates are then reacted with water to form Isopropanol. The study assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 200 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

16
Lactic Acid from Glucose (Fermentation pH 6 and Acidification) Learn more

This study provides the economics of Lactic Acid production from glucose syrup using a fermentation process in the United States. This process is similar to Corbion process, in which Lactic Acid is recovered by acidification and purified by the use of a solvent.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

17
MTBE Production from Butane Learn more

This report presents a feasibility analysis of an on-purpose Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) production plant from butane and methanol in the United States. Initially, n-butane is isomerized to isobutane, which is then subjected to a dehydrogenation, yielding isobutylene. In the final step, generated isobutylene and methanol react leading to the formation of MTBE. These steps are similar to Butamer, Oleflex and Ethermax processes in sequence.

Details: 700 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

18
Paracetamol Production from p-Nitrochlorobenzene Learn more

This report analyses the economics of Paracetamol production from 4-nitrochlorobenzene, sodium hydroxide, hydrogen and acetic anhydride in the United States. In the process, 4-nitrochlorobenzene reacts with sodium hydroxide producing para nitro phenol (PNP). The PNP is then subjected to reduction, producing para amino phenol (PAP). The PAP is then acetylated to produce Paracetamol.

Details: 4.80 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

19
Polyacrylonitrile Production Learn more

This report presents a techno-economic analysis of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) Precursor production in the United States via aqueous dispersion polymerization of acrylonitrile with methyl acrylate comonomer followed by transformation steps to become a fiber.

Details: 9 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

20
Polyethylene Furanoate Production from Glucose Learn more

This report, in turn, presents the economics of Polyethylene Furanoate (PEF) production from monoethylene glycol (MEG) and glucose syrup in the United States. In this process, a glucose is isomerized to fructose. Then, fructose is converted to methoxy methyl furan (MMF) intermediate, which is oxidized to FDCA. This process is similar to Avantium YXY. FDCA generated and MEG are then polymerized to PEF in melt-phase and solid-state polymerization.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

21
Polyethylene Furanoate Production from Raw Sugar Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polyethylene Furanoate (PEF) production from raw sugar and monoethylene glycol (MEG) similar to Avantium YXY in Germany. Initially, raw sugar is inverted to fructose and glucose, which is isomerized to fructose. Then, fructose is converted to methoxy methyl furan (MMF), which is oxidized to FDCA. FDCA generated and MEG are then polymerized to PEF in melt-phase and solid-state polymerization.

Details: 300 kta Germany-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

22
Polyethylene Terephthalate from MEG and PTA (Diol Incorporation) Learn more

It presents the economics of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) production from ethylene glycol and purified terephthalic acid (PTA) in the USA. The process examined in this report is a melt-phase process and solid-state polymerization similar to Invista NG3.

Details: 220 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

23
Polyhydroxybutyrate Production from Switchgrass Learn more

This report presents the Economic analysis of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production from switchgrass. In this process, switchgrass is gasified to synthesis gas (syngas), which is fermented to PHB. The economic analysis presented is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 10 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

24
Polylactic Acid Production from Corn Learn more

This study approaches the economics of Polylactic Acid production from corn in the United States. Initially, shelled corn is passed through a wet milling process to form corn starch, which is hydrolyzed to dextrose. Then, dextrose is fermented into lactic acid in a process similar to Cargill process. Finally, lactic acid is polymerized using a melt-phase polymerization process similar to the one proposed by NatureWorks.

Details: 140 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   90 pages   |   See Full Abstract

25
Polyoxymethylene Production from Methanol and Acetic Anhydride Learn more

This report approaches the production of Polyoxymethylene (POM) from methanol and acetic anhydride in the United States. Initially, methanol undergoes partial oxidation yielding formaldehyde over a silver catalyst. Formaldehyde is then polymerized to POM in an inert cyclohexane medium. To enhance thermal stability, hydroxyl end groups are reacted with acetic anhydride.

Details: 85 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

26
PP Homopolymer from Propylene (Spherizone) Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Polypropylene (PP) Homopolymer production from polymer grade (PG) propylene, using a gas phase polymerization process similar to LyondellBasell Spherizone. The reaction occurs in a multi-zone circulating reactor (MZCR). The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

27
PP Random Copolymer from Propylene and Ethylene (Spheripol) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polypropylene (PP) Random Copolymer production from polymer grade (PG) propylene and ethylene. The economic analysis assumes a plant located in the United States, using a bulk phase polymerization process in loop reactors, similar to LyondellBasell Spheripol and Mitsui Hypol II.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

28
Prilled Urea Production from Ammonia (CO2 Stripping Process) Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Prilled Urea production from ammonia and carbon dioxide in the USA. The process examined in this report is similar to Stamicarbon's carbon dioxide stripping process. In this process, ammonia and carbon dioxide are converted to Urea via ammonium carbamate intermediate. The non-converted carbamate is stripped from the Urea solution by carbon dioxide and decomposed back to ammonia and carbon dioxide, which are recycled to the Urea synthesis.

Details: 1300 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

29
Prilled Urea Production from Ammonia (Self-Stripping Process) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Prilled Urea production from ammonia and carbon dioxide in the United States, through a process similar to Saipem's (formerly Snamprogetti) ammonia stripping process. In this process, ammonia and carbon dioxide are reacted to form ammonium carbamate, which is converted to Urea. The non-converted carbamate is stripped from the Urea solution by excess ammonia and decomposed back to ammonia and carbon dioxide, which are recycled to the Urea synthesis.

Details: 1300 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

30
Propylene Production from Methanol (Methanol-to-Olefins Process) Learn more

This report analyses the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from methanol in the United States. The process examined in this report is similar to UOP/Norsk Hydro (now Ineos) Methanol-to-Olefins (MTO) process. Polymer grade ethylene is also generated as by-product in the process.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

31
Propylene Production from Propane (Fixed-Bed Reactor) Learn more

This report examines the costs related to Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from propane in the United States. The process examined in this report is based on the dehydrogenation of propane carried out in fixed-bed reactors, similar to Lummus CATOFIN.

Details: 590 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

32
Sodium Hydroxide Production from Sodium Chloride (Diaphragm Process) Learn more

It presents the economics of Sodium Hydroxide production from brine in the United States. he process examined in this report is a typical diaphragm process. Chlorine and hydrogen are also generated as by-products in the process.

Details: 600 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

33
Sulfuric Acid from Spent Acid (Double-Contact Process) Learn more

This report presents the economics of spent sulfuric acid regeneration via double-contact double absorption process. The spent acid is first decomposed in a furnace to sulfur dioxide, which is oxidized to sulfur trioxide. Finally, it is fed to the absorption process for producing sulfuric acid. The economic analysis performed is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2018   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

34
Titanium Dioxide Production from Rutile Learn more

This study comprises a techno-economic analysis of an industrial process for Titanium Dioxide production from rutile in a United States-based facility. In this process, rutile is chlorinated to titanium tetrachloride, which is then oxidized to Titanium Dioxide.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

35
Vinyl Acetate Production from Acetic Acid and Ethylene Learn more

This study presents the economics of Vinyl Acetate production from acetic acid and ethylene in the United States, via a typical vapor-phase oxidation process. In this process, vapor acetic acid, ethylene and oxygen react in a catalytic multi-tube reactor, producing Vinyl Acetate, which is further purified.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

36
Vinyl Chloride Production from Acetylene Learn more

This feasibility study reviews a typical hydrochlorination process for Vinyl Chloride production from acetylene. In this process, anhydrous hydrogen chloride is reacted in vapor phase with acetylene over a mercuric chloride catalyst producing Vinyl Chloride. The economic analysis presented is based on the construction of an industrial plant in the United States.

Details: 280 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2017 Released Reports   |   Production Cost Reports Subscription Archive   |   $18,900 USD   |   Add To Cart

1
Aluminum Chloride Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Aluminum Chloride production from aluminum metal and chlorine in the United States. In the process, chlorine gas is passed through molten aluminum, producing Anhydrous Aluminum Chloride.

Details: 10 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2
Aniline Production from Nitrobenzene (Liquid-Phase Hydrogenation) Learn more

This report examines the costs related to the Aniline production from nitrobenzene and hydrogen in the USA. In this process, nitrobenzene is submitted to a liquid phase hydrogenation, being reduced to Aniline.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

3
Bio-Adipic Acid Production from Glucose (Chemical Catalytic Process) Learn more

This report shows a feasibility study of Bio-Adipic Acid production from glucose syrup in a plant located in the United States. The route examined is a two-step catalytic process similar to Rennovia process. In this process, glucose is first oxidized to produce glucaric acid, which is then hydrogenated to produce Adipic Acid.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

4
Bio-Adipic Acid Production from Glucose (Fermentation Process) Learn more

This report assesses the economics of production of bio-based Adipic Acid. The process examined in this report is a fermentation process similar to BioAmber process, in which glucose is fermented to adipic acid. The process under analysis assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

5
Bio-Methionine Production from Glucose Learn more

This report presents the economics of L-Methionine production from glucose syrup in the United States using a process similar to the technology developed by Metabolic Explorer. In this process, glucose is fermented in an aerobic environment to produce L-Methionine.

Details: 80 kta United States-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

6
Bio-Succinic Acid from Glucose (Direct Crystallization & S. cerevisiae) Learn more

It presents the economics of bio-based Succinic Acid production from glucose syrup in the United States using a process similar to BioAmber fermentation process.

Details: 30 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

7
Butadiene Production from n-Butane Learn more

This report presents the economics of 1,3-Butadiene (BD) production from n-butane. In the process, n-butane undergoes a dehydrogenation reaction process similar to Lummus Catadiene, generating a C4s stream which is purified to obtain 1,3-Butadiene. The economic analysis is based on a plant located in the United States.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

8
Butanediol Production from Maleic Anhydride Learn more

This report presents an economic analysis of 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production from maleic anhydride in the United States using a process similar to the one proposed by JM Davy. Initially, maleic anhydride is reacted with methanol to produce dimethyl maleate (DMM). The DMM is then hydrogenated to BDO.

Details: 75 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

9
Calcium Carbonate Production from Limestone Learn more

This report presents the economics of Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) production from limestone in the United States, via a typical process. Limestone is first calcinated. The product reacts with water producing calcium hydroxide, which is further carbonated with carbon dioxide from calcination to produce PCC.

Details: 50 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

10
Calcium Hypochlorite from Slaked Lime and Cl2 (Sodium Method) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Calcium Hypochlorite (70 wt%) production from slaked lime, sodium hydroxide and chlorine via a typical sodium process. In this process, chlorine is passed into a slurry of slaked lime and sodium hydroxide, generating calcium hypochlorite and sodium chloride. The economic analysis is based on a plant located in the United States.

Details: 25 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

11
Carbon Fiber Production from Pitch Learn more

This report presents a feasibility study of a process for Carbon Fiber production from petroleum pitch in the United States. The process starts with a preparation step that converts the pitch into mesophase pitch. The mesophase pitch is then stabilized and passes through carbonization, graphitization, surface treatment and sizing, before being wound.

Details: 1.50 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

12
Chlorine Production from Sodium Chloride (Membrane Process) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Chlorine production from sodium chloride via a membrane process plant located in the United States. In the process under analysis, an aqueous solution of sodium chloride (brine) is decomposed electrolytically in a membrane cell, producing Chlorine, sodium hydroxide and hydrogen.

Details: 500 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

13
Diammonium Phosphate Production Learn more

This feasibility study shows the economics of Diammonium Phosphate (DAP formulation 18-46-0) production from phosphoric acid and ammonia via an ammoniation-granulation process. The reaction occurs in a sequence of pre-neutralizer, pipe-reactor and granulator. The economic analysis presented is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 850 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

14
DL-Methionine from Methional and Hydrogen Cyanide Learn more

This report provides the economics of DL-Methionine production from methional and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in the United States via a typical carbonate process. Initially, methional is reacted with HCN, ammonia and carbon dioxide to produce 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)-hydantoin (MMEH), which is hydrolyzed to potassium methioninate (KMET). Finally, the KMET is acidified, liberating methionine.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

15
Ethylene from Ethanol (Similar to Chematur Process) Learn more

This report provides the economics of Green Polymer Grade (PG) Ethylene production from hydrous ethanol in the United States using a dehydration process examined in this report is similar to the processes developed by Chematur and Petron. In this process, the reaction is carried out multiple reactors in series and a single furnace.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

16
Ethylene Glycol from Ethylene (Carbonation without EO By-Product) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) production from ethylene in the United States. The process described is similar to Shell OMEGA. First, ethylene is oxidized with pure oxygen to produce ethylene oxide (EO). The EO is then carbonated to generate ethylene carbonate, which is finally hydrolyzed to MEG.

Details: 750 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   90 pages   |   See Full Abstract

17
Ethylene Production from Ethane Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Ethylene production from ethane in the United States. In the process under analysis, ethane is thermally cracked in pyrolysis furnaces through the use of steam, yielding Ethylene. A hydrogen-rich gas is generated as by-product.

Details: 1200 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

18
Ethylene Production from Methane Learn more

This study presents an economic analysis of Ethylene production from methane in the United States using an oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) process. Carbon monoxide is also produced in the process and undergoes methanation, recovering methane.

Details: 1058 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

19
FDCA Production from Glucose Learn more

This report presents the economics of 2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid (FDCA) production from glucose syrup via a furan process similar to Avantium YXY technology. Initially, glucose is enzymatically isomerized into fructose, which is dehydrated in the presence of methanol, yielding methoxymethylfurfural (MMF). Finally, MMF is oxidized to FDCA. The economic analysis assumes a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 270 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

20
Hydrogen Peroxide Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Hydrogen Peroxide production from hydrogen in the United States using an anthraquinone auto-oxidation process. In this process, 2-ethyl anthraquinone is sequentially hydrogenated and oxidized, generating Hydrogen Peroxide.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

21
L-Lysine Sulfate Production from Glucose Learn more

This report approaches the economics of L-Lysine Sulfate production from glucose syrup. In the process examined, glucose syrup is submitted to fed-batch fermentation to produce L-Lysine. The economic analysis provided assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

22
L-Lysine-HCl Production from Glucose Learn more

This feasibility study approaches an economic analysis of L-Lysine Monohydrochloride (or L-Lysine-HCl) production from glucose syrup in the United States using a conventional fermentation process. The L-Lysine-HCl is recovered via ion-exchange absorption and crystallization.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

23
Lactic Acid from Glucose (Fermentation pH 6 and Ultrafiltration) Learn more

This report provides a feasibility study of Lactic Acid production from glucose syrup in the United States using a fermentation process. This process is similar to Cargill process. In this case, Lactic Acid recovery is performed by trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

24
Lactic Acid Production from Lactose Learn more

This report provides an economic analysis of Lactic Acid production from lactose via a fermentation process in the United States. Lactic Acid purification is realized via ion exchange and product concentration is accomplished by reverse osmosis and evaporation.

Details: 40 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

25
Maleic Anhydride from Butane (Fixed-Bed Reactor + Solvent-Based Recovery) Learn more

This feasibility study presents an analysis of Maleic Anhydride production from n-butane in the United States using a process similar to the one developed by Huntsman. In this process, maleic anhydride is produced by the partial oxidation reaction of n-butane with oxygen carried out in a fixed-bed reactor, using a vanadium–phosphorus oxide (VPO) catalyst supported on silica. The reactor effluent is directed to a solvent-based recovery system for Maleic Anhydride separation.

Details: 60 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

26
Methanol Production from Natural Gas (Steam Reforming) Learn more

This study presents the economics of large-scale Methanol production from natural gas in the United States. In the process examined, natural gas is first converted into synthesis gas (syngas) by means of conventional steam reforming and then the syngas is converted into Methanol.

Details: 1000 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

27
Methionine Hydroxy Analog from Acrolein, Methyl Mercaptan and HCN Learn more

This study presents the economics of Methionine Hydroxy Analog production from acrolein, methyl mercaptan, and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in the United States. In this process, acrolein and methyl mercaptan are reacted to form methional. The methional reacts with HCN to produce hydroxy methylthiobutyronitrile (HMBN) intermediate, which is hydrolyzed to Methionine Hydroxy Analog.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

28
Nitrobenzene Production from Benzene (Jet-Impingement Reactor) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Nitrobenzene production from benzene and nitric acid in the United States. The process analyzed in this report is similar to NORAM's adiabatic benzene nitration process, which uses a plug-flow nitrator containing jet-impingement elements.

Details: 530 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

29
Polyethylene Furanoate Production from FDCA Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polyethylene Furanoate (PEF) production from monoethylene glycol (MEG) and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). In the process under analysis, FDCA and MEG are polymerized to PEF in two polymerization steps: melt-phase polymerization and solid-state polymerization. The economic analysis provided assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

30
Polyethylene Terephthalate from MEG and PTA (Polycondensation) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) production from ethylene glycol and purified terephthalic acid (PTA) in the United States, via a typical melt-phase process followed by a solid-state polymerization. Initially, oligomers are produced by the esterification of PTA with ethylene glycol. The oligomer then undergoes a melt-polymerization and a solid-state polymerization, yielding PET.

Details: 250 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

31
Polylactic Acid Production from Lactic Acid Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production from lactic acid using a melt process similar to the one proposed by NatureWorks. In this process, lactic acid is first oligomerized and then depolymerized into lactide, a cyclic dimer of lactic acid, which is then polymerized to yield PLA by ring opening polymerization. The economic analysis presented is based on a plant constructed in the USA.

Details: 140 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2017   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

32
Propylene Production from Methanol (Methanol-to-Propylene Process) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from methanol in the United States, using a methanol-to-propylene (MTP) process similar to Lurgi MTP. Initially, methanol is is converted do dimethyl ether (DME), which is then converted to Propylene. Gasoline is generated as by-product.

Details: 560 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

33
Propylene Production from Propane (Moving-Bed Reactor) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from propane. The process consists in the dehydrogenation of propane, carried out in a moving-bed reactor, similarly to UOP Oleflex. The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 550 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

34
Purified Terephthalic Acid from p-Xylene (Conventional Process) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) production using p-xylene as the process feedstock. The study approaches the construction of a plant in the United States employing a conventional catalytic oxidation process. In this process, p-xylene is oxidized to terephthalic acid (TPA). The TPA is subjected to separation and drying steps, and then sent to hydrogenation to obtain PTA as the final product.

Details: 700 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

35
Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate Production Learn more

This report presents the economics of Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate (SLES) production from chlorosulfonic acid, lauryl ethoxylate, and sodium hydroxide in the United States. In the process examined, lauryl ethoxylate reacts with chlorosulfonic acid (sulfation). The product is neutralized with sodium hydroxide, producing the surfactant.

Details: 15 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2017   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

36
Sulfuric Acid from Sulfur (Double-Contact Process) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Sulfuric Acid production from sulfur in the United States. In this process, sulfur is burned to form sulfor dioxide, which is then converted to sulfur trioxide. Sulfor trioxide is converted to sulfuric acid by double-contact double absorption (DC/DA) with a high concentration sulfuric acid solution in water.

Details: 1480 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2016 Released Reports   |   Production Cost Reports Subscription Archive   |   $18,900 USD   |   Add To Cart

1
Acetic Acid Production from Methanol Learn more

This feasibility study refers to Acetic Acid production from methanol and carbon monoxide in the United States using a typical rhodium-catalyzed carbonylation process.

Details: 650 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

2
Acrylic Acid Production from Propane Learn more

This report presents the economics of Ester-Grade Acrylic Acid (EAA) production from propane in the United States. Initially, propane undergoes oxydehydrogenation in the presence of steam to form propylene, which is then oxidized in vapor phase to generate acrylic acid.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

3
Acrylonitrile Production from Propylene (Fixed Bed Ammoxidation) Learn more

This report approaches the economics of Acrylonitrile production from chemical grade (CG) propylene in the United States. The process reviewed is a propylene ammoxidation technology using a fixed bed reactor, in which propylene reacts with ammonia, producing Acrylonitrile, and generating acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide as by-products.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

4
Acrylonitrile Production from Propylene (Fluidized Bed Ammoxidation) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Acrylonitrile production from chemical grade (CG) propylene in the United States. The process reviewed is a propylene ammoxidation technology using fluidized bed reactor, in which propylene reacts with ammonia, producing Acrylonitrile, and generating acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide as by-products.

Details: 300 kta United States-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

5
Ammonia Production from Natural Gas (Combined Reforming) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Ammonia production from natural gas in the United States using a process similar to KBR Purifier process. In the process examined, syngas is initially produced from natural gas via a combined reforming. The syngas is purified through several steps into nitrogen and hydrogen which are synthesized to ammonia.

Details: 800 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

6
Ammonia Production from Syngas Learn more

This report presents the economics of Ammonia production from synthesis gas (syngas). In this process, hydrogen, recovered from syngas feedstock, and nitrogen, recovered from air, react producing Ammonia. The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 800 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

7
Bimodal HDPE from Ethylene and 1-Butene (Similar to UNIPOL) Learn more

This analysis presents the economics of Bimodal High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) production from polymer grade (PG) ethylene and 1-butene in the United States. The process examined is similar to Univation UNIPOL process. In this process, ethylene is polymerized in combination with 1-butene in the gas-phase in a reaction loop consisting of a fluidized-bed reactor, a compressor and a heat exchanger.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

8
Bio-Butadiene Production from Glucose (Aerobic Fermentation) Learn more

It presents the economics of bio-based 1,3-Butadiene (BD) production from glucose syrup in the United States using a direct aerobic fermentation process similar to the one proposed by Global Bioenergies.

Details: 165 kta United States-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

9
Bio-Butanediol Production from Glucose (Direct Fermentation) Learn more

This report presents the economics of bio-based 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production from glucose syrup in a plant located in the United States. This process, similar to the one proposed by Genomatica, consists in a direct fermentation of glucose syrup, producing BDO, which is then submitted to purifying steps.

Details: 75 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

10
Butadiene Production from Carbon Monoxide Learn more

This report presents the costs associated with 1,3-Butadiene production from carbon monoxide in the United States using a process similar to LanzaTech/Invista. First, carbon monoxide (CO) is fermented forming 2,3-butanediol (BDO). Then, BDO is catalytically dehydrogenated to 1,3-Butadiene (BD).

Details: 20 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

11
Butanediol Production from Succinic Acid Learn more

This feasibility study examines 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production from succinic acid in the United States using a hydrogenation process similar to the one proposed by BioAmber.

Details: 60 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

12
Butyl Acrylate Production from Propylene and Butanol Learn more

This study concerns the production of n-Butyl Acrylate, starting from propylene and n-butanol. Chemical grade propylene is oxidized to acrolein and then to acrylic acid, which is then fed to an esterification reaction, along with n-butanol to generate Butyl Acrylate. The economic analysis performed is based on a plant located in the United States.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

13
DL-Methionine from Propylene, Methyl Mercaptan and HCN Learn more

This study presents the economics of an integrated process for DL-Methionine production starting from propylene in the USA. Initially, propylene is oxidized to acrolein, which is then reacted with methyl mercaptan to generate methional. Finally, methional is reacted with hydrogen cyanide (HCN) to form methionine via a typical carbonate process.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

14
Ethylene Glycol Production from Carbon Dioxide Learn more

This study presents the economics of Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) production from carbon dioxide (CO2) in the United States using an electrochemical process similar to Liquid Light process. Initially, CO2 is electrochemically reduced and acidified into oxalic acid. Then, oxalic acid is esterified with methanol producing dimethyl oxalate, which is hydrogenated forming MEG.

Details: 150 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

15
Ethylene Glycol Production from Syngas Learn more

This report presents the economics of Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) production from synthesis gas via dimethyl oxalate intermediate in the United States. In this process, methyl nitrite reacts with carbon monoxide forming dimethyl oxalate. The dimethyl oxalate is then hydrogenated to MEG.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

16
Ethylene Production from Isobutane Learn more

This study presents an economic analysis of isobutane steam cracking for Polymer Grade Ethylene production in the United States. In this process, n-butane is thermally cracked in pyrolysis furnaces through the use of steam to obtain ethylene and other hydrocarbons. Polymer grade propylene, butadiene. Raffinate-1 and pygas are also generated as by-products.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

17
Ethylene Production from Methanol Learn more

This report analyses the economics of Ethylene production from methanol in the United States. The process examined in this report is similar to UOP/Norsk Hydro (now Ineos) MTO (Methanol-to-Olefins) process. Initially, methanol is converted into dimethyl ether, which is further dehydrated to olefins. Ethylene and propylene are generated as co-products.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

18
Ethylene Propylene Rubber Production Learn more

This report analyses the economics of Ethylene Propylene Diene Rubber (EPDM rubber) production from ethylene and propylene in the United States, via a suspension polymerization process using Ziegler-Natta catalyst. Ethylidene norbornene is also used as termonomer to allow vulcanization of the polymer.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

19
Isononanol Production from Octenes (Cobalt Catalyst) Learn more

In this report, the economics of Isononanol production from octenes is analyzed based on a typical cobalt catalyst process, assuming a plant located in the United States. Initially, octenes are submitted to hydroformylation to form the respectives C9 aldehydes. The aldehydes are then hydrogenated to the corresponding C9 alcohols.

Details: 220 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

20
Isononanol Production from Octenes (Rhodium Catalyst) Learn more

This report presents an economic study of Isononanol production from octenes in the presence of a rhodium catalyst. It assumes a plant located in the United States using a process similar to Johnson Matthey OXO alcohols process. Initially, octenes are submitted to hydroformylation to form the respectives C9 aldehydes. The aldehydes are then hydrogenated to the corresponding C9 alcohols.

Details: 220 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

21
Isopropyl Alcohol Production from Acetone Learn more

In this report, it is approached the economics of Isopropyl Alcohol production from acetone in a typical acetone hydrogenation process, also assuming an industrial plant located in the United States. The reaction is carried out in liquid phase, in two fixed bed reactors in series, catalyzed by a Raney nickel catalyst.

Details: 60 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

22
L-Lysine-HCl Production from Raw Sugar Learn more

This report presents the economics of Lysine production from raw sugar (sucrose). Sucrose is initially hydrolyzed into glucose and fructose (invert sugar). The invert sugars are then fermented to produce L-Lysine, which is recovered as L-Lysine-HCl. The economic analysis provided assumes a plant located in Germany.

Details: 100 kta Germany-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

23
Lactic Acid from Glucose (Acid Fermentation and Nanofiltration) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Lactic Acid production from glucose syrup using a speculative, continuous, low pH, fermentation process in the United States. In this process, Lactic Acid is recovered from the fermentation broth through microfiltration and nanofiltration steps, generating an 80 wt% Technical Grade Lactic Acid, with 95 wt% purity.

Details: 80 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

24
LLDPE Production from Ethylene and 1-Butene (Similar to UNIPOL) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) production from polymer grade (PG) ethylene and 1-butene in the United States, using a gas phase process similar to Univation UNIPOL and INEOS INNOVENE. This technology comprises a reaction loop consisting of a fluidized-bed reactor, a compressor and a heat exchanger. Residual hydrocarbons are removed from the product by a propane stream.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

25
LLDPE Production from Ethylene and 1-Hexene (Similar to UNIPOL) Learn more

It presents the economics of Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) production from polymer grade (PG) ethylene and 1-hexene in the United States. This report examines a gas phase process similar to Univation UNIPOL and INEOS INNOVENE. The system comprises a fluidized-bed reactor, compressor and heat exchanger.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

26
Maleic Anhydride from Butane (Two Fixed-Bed Reactors + Aqueous-Based Recovery) Learn more

This study presents an economic analysis of Maleic Anhydride production from n-butane in the United States using a process similar to the one developed by Scientific Design. In this process, Maleic Anhydride is produced by the partial oxidation reaction of n-butane with oxygen carried out in two fixed-bed reactors, using vanadium–phosphorus oxide (VPO) catalyst supported on silica. The Maleic Anhydride formed is recovered in an aqueous-based system.

Details: 50 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

27
Methanol Production from Natural Gas (Advanced GHR + ATR) Learn more

This study presents the economics of large-scale Methanol production from natural gas in the United States. In the process examined, natural gas is first converted into synthesis gas (syngas) by means of gas heated reforming (GHR) and secondary autothermal reforming (ATR). Then, the generated syngas is converted to Methanol following concepts similar to JM Catalysts LCM Process.

Details: 1700 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

28
Methanol Production from Natural Gas (Combined Reforming) Learn more

This study presents the economics of large-scale Methanol production from natural gas in the United States. In this process, natural gas is first converted into synthesis gas (syngas) by means of conventional steam reforming and secondary autothermal reforming. Then, the syngas is converted into methanol.

Details: 1700 kta United States-based plant |   Q4 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

29
Methyl Ester Sulfonate Production Learn more

This study presents a feasibility analysis of Methyl Ester Sulfonate production from palm oil in the United States. This process is comprised of two steps: initially, methyl ester is formed from palm oil and methanol via transesterification. Then, the methyl ester is sulfonated to final product generation.

Details: 100 kta United States-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

30
Polylactic Acid Production from Raw Sugar Learn more

This study approaches the economics of Polylactic Acid production from raw sugar in Germany. Initially, raw sugar is hydrolyzed into invert sugars. The invert sugars are then fermented to produce lactic acid, in a process similar to Cargill process. The lactic acid is oligomerized and then depolymerized into lactide, which is finally polymerized to yield PLA by ring opening polymerization, similar to the one proposed by NatureWorks.

Details: 140 kta Germany-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   91 pages   |   See Full Abstract

31
PP Homopolymer from Propylene (Spheripol) Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polypropylene (PP) Homopolymer production from polymer grade (PG) propylene. The process under analysis uses a bulk phase polymerization process similar to LyondellBasell Spheripol and Mitsui Hypol II. The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

32
PP Homopolymer from Propylene (UNIPOL) Learn more

This study presents the economics of Polypropylene (PP) Homopolymer production from polymer grade (PG) propylene. The process examined in this report is similar to Grace UNIPOL process. In this process, gaseous propylene is polymerized to PP in fluidized-bed reactors (FBRs). The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 400 kta United States-based plant |   Q3 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

33
Propylene Production from Ethylene and Butenes Learn more

This report presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from ethylene and raffinate-2. The process under analysis consists in a metathesis process similar to Lummus Technology's Olefins Conversion Technology (OCT). The economic analysis performed assumes a plant located in the United States.

Details: 350 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   88 pages   |   See Full Abstract

34
Propylene Production from Propane (Oxydehydrogenation) Learn more

The report under analysis presents the economics of Polymer Grade (PG) Propylene production from propane in the United States. The process examined in this report uses a two-step dehydrogenation process (steam reforming/oxyreaction), similar to Uhde STAR.

Details: 450 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

35
Succinic Acid Production from Maleic Anhydride Learn more

This report analyses the economics of a Succinic Acid production from maleic anhydride. In this process, maleic anhydride is first hydrogenated to produce succinic anhydride, which is then hydrated to produce Succinic Acid. The economic analysis presented is based on a plant constructed in the United States.

Details: 30 kta United States-based plant |   Q1 2016   |   87 pages   |   See Full Abstract

36
Toluene Diisocyanate from Toluene (Liquid-Phase Phosgenation) Learn more

This report presents the economics of a typical liquid-phase phosgenation process for Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) production from toluene and chlorine in the USA. Initially, toluene is submitted to a dinitration to produce dinitrotoluene (DNT), which is then hydrogenated to toluenediamine (TDA). This TDA is reacted with phosgene in liquid phase to yield TDI product. The phosgene used is generated from chlorine in an on-site unit.

Details: 220 kta United States-based plant |   Q2 2016   |   89 pages   |   See Full Abstract

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