Intratec Chemical Process Library is the first free online encyclopedia of chemical process technologies. Our Library covers not only processes description themselves, but also the economics surrounding chemicals production, providing real-world knowledge on the production of several chemical commodities. Click here to check all chemicals covered.
In this page you will find free data about Ammonia, including:
- What is Ammonia
- How to make Ammonia
- Ammonia uses and applications
This page presents brief synopsis of Ammonia production technology, describing, in a concise way, relevant technical and economic aspects. Each manufacturing process description will consist of:
- Major process steps
- Simplified, schematic flow diagram & key equipment
- Important safety or environmental considerations
- Economic perspective, comprising capital expenditures and/or operating expenses
All content from Intratec's Chemical Process Library was produced based on reports published by Intratec. To learn more about Ammonia production processes presented below and others examined in Intratec reports, click here.
Ammonia Manufacture from Natural Gas
Ammonia (NH3) is one of the largest synthetic chemicals, produced basically by the reaction between nitrogen and hydrogen, in a 1:3 stoichiometric ratio. This world class commodity is used in a myriad of applications, from fertilizers to wood pulping and drugs.
The process described in the following paragraphs is similar to the KBR Purifier process, in which ammonia is produced from natural gas via steam reforming. The figure below presents a simplified flow diagram of this process.
Natural-gas steam reforming
After being compressed and desulfurized, the natural gas is mixed with steam ...
Raw syngas purification
The outlet from the ATR is fed to a two-stage, high- and low-temperature reactor, where the bulk of the CO is converted ...
The outlet from the ATR is fed to a two-stage high and low temperature reactors, where the bulk of the carbon monoxide is ...
Ammonia production pathways
Since it was developed by Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch ...
The operating variable costs (raw materials and net utilities cost) estimated for a facility producing ...