Process Water Costs
Process Water Current Costs, Historical Series and Forecasts in Several Countries
About Process Water. Process water refers to water used in industrial plants and production facilities in a number of manufacturing operations, such as coating, rinsing, washing, etc. Depending on the application, process water must conform to specific quality requirements such as low electrical conductivity, freedom from oxygen, and softness. Accordingly, process water is obtained by treating (e.g. filtering, softening) the water supplied (e.g. municipal and ground water), which typically contains dissolved minerals that could make it unsuitable for the intended applications.
Utilities Cost vs. Purchase Price. Utilities may be generated inside the industrial site or purchased from an external supplier. When the utility is generated onsite, utilities cost represent estimates of the operating costs of the respective utility generation unit. Therefore, these costs do not include capital cost component associated with the construction of the utility generation unit. On the other hand, when the utility is purchased from an external supplier, the price paid covers not only operating costs of the off-site utility facility, but also a return on the capital investment employed in the construction of such facility.
See More Data ...
- More Process Water Cost Data
- Costs in Several Countries
- Immediate Access
Get Full Access
- Costs for Process Water & Forecasts
- Downloadable Data (Excel Format)
- Customizable Charts
- Prices for 8 Other Utilities