Current Prices, Historical Series and Forecasts in Several Countries
Introduction. Intratec provides Naphtha prices in several countries, as follows:
About Naphtha. Naphtha is a liquid stream, mainly derived from crude oil refining, composed of intermediate hydrocarbons, with initial boiling point (IBP) of around 35°C and final boiling point (FBP) of about 200°C. It has a dark appearance, with a gasoline-like odor, insoluble in water, but soluble in most organic solvents. Naphtha composition varies greatly worldwide, due to the difference constitution petroleum has, containing different percentages of paraffins, aromatic compounds, naphthenes and others. Its composition normally ranges from hydrocarbons containing a 4-12 carbon chain, predominantly C5-C6. Sulfur is the only heteroatom present in benzin’s structure, and it only appears in traces. Naphta is one of the most important chemical commodities worldwide, since it is the primary source of gasoline and other fuels, as well as industrial solvents.
Chemical Formula. C6-C12
Commercial Grades. Light naphta (C5-C6); heavy naphta (C6-C12)
Uses. Naphtha is mainly used in the production of solvents; cleaning fluids; paint and varnish diluents; asphalt diluents; rubber industry solvents; dry cleaning; cigarette lighters; recycling products; portable camping stove; and lantern fuel.
- Crude Oil (cracking)
Derivatives. Naphtha is used as raw material in the production of the following derivates: 1,3-Dimecyclohexane; 2,3-Dimethyl-butane; 2,6-Dimethyl-heptane; 2-Methyl-heptane; 2-Methyl-hexane; 2-Methyl-pentane; 3-Methyl-hexane; 3-Methyl-octane; 3-Methyl-pentane; Benzene; Cyclohexane; Cyclopentane; Ethyl-cyclohexane; Ethylbenzene; Isodecane; Isopentane; Methyl-cyclohexane; n-Butane; n-Decane; n-Heptane; n-Hexane; n-Nonane; n-Octane; n-Pentane; o-Xylene; p-Xylene; and Toluene.
Methodology. The chemicals pricing data presented are, if not otherwise indicated, volume-weighted average transaction prices including contract and spot transactions in the locations specified. The information provided is obtained from gathering and refining of trade data officially reported for the respective countries (i.e., governmental agencies, institutions related to foreign trade and industry publications). For further details check our Chemicals Pricing Data Methodology.
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