Cooling Water Costs
Cooling Water Current Costs, Historical Series and Forecasts in Several Countries
About Cooling Water. Cooling water is widely used in industrial plants, for removing heat from components and industrial equipment. Basically, the water is circulated through heat exchangers and other equipment for the absorption of heat, which is further rejected to the atmosphere by the partial evaporation of the water in cooling towers. River water, seawater and/or well water may be used as fresh cooling water make-ups.
Utilities Cost vs. Purchase Price. Utilities may be generated inside the industrial site or purchased from an external supplier. When the utility is generated onsite, utilities cost represent estimates of the operating costs of the respective utility generation unit. Therefore, these costs do not include capital cost component associated with the construction of the utility generation unit. On the other hand, when the utility is purchased from an external supplier, the price paid covers not only operating costs of the off-site utility facility, but also a return on the capital investment employed in the construction of such facility.
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