Production Cost Report
pac-e11a,pac-e21a,pac-e31a,pac-e41a,pac-e51a
sodium-hypochlorite-e11a,calcium-hypochlorite-e11a,aluminum-sulfate-e11a
Polyaluminum Chloride
Polyaluminum Chloride
PAC
Polyaluminum Chloride (a.k.a. PAC) is a partially hydrolyzed aluminum chloride polymer. PAC is not a single substance, rather a whole spectrum of inorganic polymers, which may present distinct physical and chemical properties. PAC products are typically handled and used as aqueous solutions, but solid products are also sold.
The uses and applications of Polyaluminum Chloride may vary according to its specification. The main forms of Polyaluminum Chloride are high basicity PAC (9 wt% Al2O3); PAC 18% (solution, 18 wt% Al2O3); mid-basicity powder (30 wt% Al2O3); PAC sulfate solution (solution, also containing sulfate ions); and aluminum chlorohydrate (Al2(OH)5Cl·2H2O).

Polyaluminum Chloride Cost of Production | Q4 2023

Updated Reports Examining Polyaluminum Chloride Manufacturing Costs

Intratec offers professional, easy-to-understand Commodity Cost of Production reports analyzing the costs of Polyaluminum Chloride manufacturing processes. Each report describes an industrial plant based on a specific Polyaluminum Chloride process. The report also presents an independent analysis of the costs of Polyaluminum Chloride production, encompassing plant capital costs (capex) and plant operating costs (opex). All reports are based on the most recent economic data available (Q4 2023).

Polyaluminum Chloride Solution from Aluminum Hydroxide

This report presents the economics of Polyaluminum Chloride (PAC) production from aluminum hydroxide, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, and calcium carbonate in the United States. Initially, aluminum hydroxide is digested with sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, generating PAC. The polymer solution is then neutralized with calcium carbonate to remove sulfate ions.

Details: 20 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   107 pages   From $799 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report PAC E11A target a 20 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Polyaluminum Chloride Solution from Alumina and Hydrochloric Acid

This report presents the economics of Polyaluminum Chloride solution production from aluminum oxide and hydrochloric acid in the United States. Hydrochloric acid and aluminum oxide are fed to a reactor under constant agitation. The reactor is heated and the polymerization takes place. The product is cooled and then filtered, yielding a solution containing 18 wt% of aluminum expressed as aluminum oxide.

Details: 20 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   106 pages   From $999 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report PAC E21A target a 20 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Polyaluminum Chloride Powder Production

This report presents the economics of Polyaluminum Chloride powder production from aluminum oxide and hydrochloric acid in the United States. Hydrochloric acid and aluminum oxide are fed to a reactor under constant agitation. The reactor product is cooled, filtered and then passed through a spray dryer, yielding a powder containing 30 wt% of aluminum expressed as aluminum oxide.

Details: 20 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   106 pages   From $1,199 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report PAC E31A target a 20 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Liquid Aluminum Chlorohydrate Production

This report analyzes the economics of a process for the production of Liquid Aluminum Chlorohydrate from metallic aluminum in the United States. The economic analysis targets the production of Aluminum Chlorohydrate having 23-24 wt% of aluminum as aluminum oxide (Al2O3).

Details: 20 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   107 pages   From $799 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report PAC E41A target a 20 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Solid Aluminum Chlorohydrate Production

This report approaches the economics of a process for the production of Solid Aluminum Chlorohydrate from metallic aluminum in the United States. In this process, solid Aluminum Chlorohydrate having 46 wt% of aluminum as aluminum oxide (Al2O3) is produced.

Details: 10 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   106 pages   From $999 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report PAC E51A target a 10 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Could Not Find the Production Cost Report you Need?

If none of the Polyaluminum Chloride reports listed above fits your needs, you can request a bespoke report examining the process you are interested in! You will have a report tailored to your needs, in which you defined production process, industrial plant capacity and location!

Details: Customer-defined Plant Location & Capacity  |   Q4 2023 From $2,900 USD

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Aluminum Sulfate Production

This report presents the economics of a typical Aluminum Sulfate production process from bauxite and sulfuric acid in the United States. In this process, prepared bauxite ore is subjected to reaction with sulfuric acid, producing Aluminum Sulfate.

Details: 60 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   107 pages From $999 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report Aluminum Sulfate E11A target a 60 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Calcium Hypochlorite from Slaked Lime and Cl2 (Sodium Method)

This report presents the economics of Calcium Hypochlorite (70 wt%) production from slaked lime, sodium hydroxide and chlorine via a typical sodium process. In this process, chlorine is passed into a slurry of slaked lime and sodium hydroxide, generating calcium hypochlorite and sodium chloride. The economic analysis is based on a plant located in the United States.

Details: 25 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   107 pages From $799 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report Calcium Hypochlorite E11A target a 25 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

Sodium Hypochlorite Production

This report analyses the economics of a typical Sodium Hypochlorite production process from sodium hydroxide and chlorine in the United States. In this process, chlorine is reacted with dilute sodium hydroxide solution, forming hypochlorite.

Details: 250 kta United States-based plant   |   Q4 2023   |   108 pages From $799 USD

The cost analyses presented in the report Sodium Hypochlorite E11A target a 250 kta (kilometric tons per annum) United States-based plant. For those interested in cost analyses considering other plant capacities and/or locations, Intratec offers a customized analysis as an optional feature.

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About Polyaluminum Chloride. Polyaluminum Chloride (a.k.a. PAC) is a partially hydrolyzed aluminum chloride polymer. PAC is not a single substance, rather a whole spectrum of inorganic polymers, which may present distinct physical and chemical properties. PAC products are typically handled and used as aqueous solutions, but solid products are also sold.

Polyaluminum Chloride Uses. The uses and applications of Polyaluminum Chloride may vary according to its specification. The main forms of Polyaluminum Chloride are high basicity PAC (9 wt% Al2O3); PAC 18% (solution,18 wt% Al2O3); mid-basicity powder (30 wt% Al2O3); PAC sulfate solution (solution,also containing sulfate ions); and aluminum chlorohydrate (Al2(OH)5Cl·2H2O).

Intratec Methodology. Intratec distilled its expertise, gained from more than a decade of supporting companies worldwide in the analysis of commodities markets and process economics, and developed a consistent report development methodology.

The methodology ensures a holistic, coherent, and consistent techno-economic evaluation, guiding the development of a report that allows readers to fully understand a specific process technology for the production of a commodity. In addition to being based on a common methodology, all Intratec reports that approach industrial processes have a common structure, i.e., indexes, tables and charts share similar standards. This ensures that Intratec’s readers know upfront what they will get and, more than that, will be able to compare technologies addressed in different reports.

Our methodology is continuously tested and proven by the many corporations involved with the commodities sector, R&D centers, EPC companies, financial institutions and government agencies that rely on our reports.

Check Intratec Methodology to better understand how Intratec develops Commodity Cost of Production Reports.