Dicyclopentadiene (a.k.a. DCPD) is a cyclic hydrocarbon that appears as colorless crystals, soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether, and acetic acid. It is formed by the spontaneous dimerization of cyclopentadiene at room temperature, and above 160 °C, DCDP dissociates into cyclopentadiene again. Cyclopentadiene, in its turn, is obtained from coal tar and from steam cracking operations. DCDP is used as a building block for the production of modified hydrocarbon resins, which show increased reactivity in copolymerizations with drying oils and produce paint resins with improved drying rate, gloss, and hardness. Hydrogenation of dicyclopentadiene and subsequent acid-catalyzed isomerization results in adamantane. It is also employed for modifications of unsaturated polyester resins.
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